Data last updated22 June 2021


Diabetes report 2010 — 2045

The IDF Africa Region (AFR) consists of 47 diverse sub-Saharan countries. For this edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas, a total of 22 data sources (from 17 countries) were selected. More than half (64%) of the countries in the IDF AFR Region lack high-quality in-country data sources. Only three countries (Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda) had studies conducted within the past five years. Comoros, Kenya, Seychelles and Zimbabwe had data sources based on oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). Diabetes prevalence figures for other countries in the Region were based on studies using fasting blood glucose and self-reported diagnostic criteria.

Key Messages

At a glance 2010201920302045
Diabetes estimates (20-79 y)
People with diabetes, in 1,000s12,089.019,406.828,629.447,133.7
Age-adjusted comparative prevalence of diabetes, %
People with undiagnosed diabetes, in 1,000s-11,580.6--
Proportion of people with undiagnosed diabetes, %-59.7--
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) estimates (20-79 y)
People with IGT, in 1,000s26,905.045,295.966,813.2110,224.2
Age-adjusted comparative prevalence of IGT, %
Mortality attributable to diabetes (20-79 y)
Deaths attributable to diabetes332,581.0366,226.5--
Proportion of diabetes-related deaths in people under 60 y, %-73.1--
Type 1 diabetes estimates in children and adolescents
New cases of type 1 diabetes (0-14 y), in 1,000s5.84.3--
New cases of type 1 diabetes (0-19 y), in 1,000s-10.3--
Type 1 diabetes (0-14 y), in 1,000s35.79.4--
Type 1 diabetes (0-19 y), in 1,000s-25.8--
Hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HIP) (20-49 y)
Live births affected by HIP-3,538,020.1--
Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), %-9.6--
Live births affected by other types of diabetes first detected in pregnancy-448,164.1--
Live births affected by other types of diabetes detected prior to pregnancy-293,262.8--
Diabetes-related health expenditure
Total diabetes-related health expenditure, USD million1,360.09,488.012,689.917,411.4
Total diabetes-related health expenditure, ID million2,760.624,148.832,371.744,594.5
Mean diabetes-related health expenditure per person, USD111.0509.0--
Mean diabetes-related health expenditure per person, ID219.01,295.4--
Total adult population (20-79 y), in 1,000s378,550.0501,327.6703,941.91,073,233.1
Population of children (0-14 y), in 1,000s352,987.0455,072.4--
Population of children and adolescents (0-19 y), in 1,000s-570,176.7--

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